关于我们 About US 投稿/Contribute

首页> 培训>雅思>权威教材> 正文

2016年雅思听力词汇精选 纯干货整理

雅思中国网 2016-12-30 10:08

2016年雅思听力词汇精选 纯干货整理

  如果要拿高分,何止是要掌握8000啊,1万都不行,不过要是只需要过6分,掌握5500个单词以上已经足够了。

  总起来说,雅思有别于 TOEFL、CET4、CET6 等其他考试,需要掌握的单词很难量化,IELTS 考试听力部分选用的文章都来自英语国家的日常生活,因此并没有绝对的词汇数字,尽管没有绝对的单词总数设定,但单词量绝对不是最大的问题,只要掌握3000个关键词汇,就可以应对考卷的大部分内容。

  今天为大家精选了2016年雅思听力中最常见的词汇,熟练掌握这些词,可能比简单背诵一万个单词更有用。

  1、Listening situation: social events (section 2)

  雅思听力 section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

  Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

  Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

  Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

  Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

  Agenda: dates, timetable

  Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

  Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

  Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

  Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

  2、Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)

  这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要大家全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

  atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

  pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

  Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

  energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

  recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

  3、Listening situation: repair (section 1)

  这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

  What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf), Model type/number

  Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

  When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent

  Next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks

  Mornings, afternoons (am pm)

  Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

  Compensation: refund, replacement

  Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

  4、Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)

  饮食和健康是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在 Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想 Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure 等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

  Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

  diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

  cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

  health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

  Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

  5、Listening situation: medicine (section 1)

  这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。

  比如说 family doctor 这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。怎样注册一个家庭医生,他们看病怎样收费等都是我们应该去了解的。

  doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

  treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

  diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

  medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

  surgery: operation

  hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

  6、Listening situation: library (section 1/4)

  图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。

  registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk

  registration fee, membership fee

  ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter

  Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

  Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

  Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

  Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

  Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

  Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

  Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

  Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

  Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

  7、Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)

  边上学边打工是大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!

  Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

  Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

  Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

  Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

  Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

  Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

  Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

  Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

  8、Listening situation: shopping

  在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。这些词一定要会哟!

  Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

  Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

  Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping

  Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

  Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

分享到:
推荐

智囊分享

2017年雅思考试时间表及费用正式公布

雅思官方,终于在11月的第一天,准时发出来了2017年全部的雅思考试时间了!雅思考试相关费用维持不变,各项收费标准如下:
雅思考试放宽报名次数的限制,考生可最多同时预定五场考试。该调整将适用于雅思考试(IELTS)和用于英国签证及移民的雅...
1月份最后一场雅思考试已在上周六结束,在1月份的考题中我们看到有很多新的发现,特别是在口语考试部分出现了新的思路...
雅思口语每年都是1月,5月,9月份变题, 建议备考的同学,若是不着急要成绩的话,尽量避开这三个月的第一场。 前几年...
 在准备雅思考试听力部分的时候,除了大量做题,也要看看你自己把关于雅思听力的最基本的问题,都弄清楚没。小编汇总...
推荐给好友


邮箱格式错误

发表成功

您的评论将在编辑审核后发表,感谢您的参与

登录继续邮箱格式错误

没有账号? 快速注册忘记密码?

其它账号登陆:

需编辑审核