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雅思写作考试必知的语法介绍

雅思中国网 2016-02-29 09:56

  中国国际教育网讯:雅思复习备考,除了重视基础知识的复习之外,还要掌握一些技巧,方可轻松应考。下面,就请大家跟随小编一起看下雅思写作考试需懂的语法吧!相信对大家备考是很有帮助的。

  1. 句法:

  1)简单句:主流句型,主要结构会使用就可以了。

  1. 主谓(宾),例如:

  人们在这个问题上的观点不一样。

  People have different views on this question.

  People’s ideas vary/differ on this issue.

  2. 主系表,例如:

  Generation gap is a problem that we are confronted by.

  Generation gap is now a problem we have to face.

  The environmental problem is a serious problem in modern society.

  The argument is convincing.

  切记:不能出现没有谓语,或者双谓语的情况,否则不能超过5分!!!

  2)并列句:

  And, but, or

  both…and…,

  not only…but also…,

  neither…nor…,

  either…or…

  主语,谓语,宾语,状语

  连接词放在动词或形容词的前面

  主语+谓语 + by either doing A or doing B

  主语+谓语not only in terms of A, but more importantly/seriously,in terms of B

  Most children are spoilt, not only in terms of care and attention, but more seriously, material ways.

  很多小孩被溺爱,不但在关心和照顾方面,而且,更严重的是,在物质方面。

  句子 + by either doing A or doing B

  通过鼓励学生穿精心设计的校服或者引导他们参加一些能体现出团队精神的活动,学生的行为可以得到逐步的改善

  Students’ behaviors can be improved by either encouraging students to wear well-designed uniforms or guiding them to participate in activities which reveal the spirit of team work.

  肥胖症可以减轻,方法是不但要养成良好的饮食习惯,而且要多做运动,比如慢跑,跳绳等等。

  Obesity can be relieved by not only forming good dietary/eating habits, but more importantly taking more exercises, such as jogging and rope skipping.

  3)复杂句:

  宾语从句:

  表述观点:

  认为: insist, maintain, hold, suggest, argue,

  支持:favor, propose, support, agree, advocate,

  (be for, be in favor of)

  反对:object, oppose

  (be against)

  Some people do believe that

  Some people are fully convinced that

  Some people assert that

  Some people deem that

  Some people argue that

  Some people claim that

  Some people doubt that

  Some people deny that

  What 引导的

  What I learn

  What I see

  What I need

  主语从句:

  1. It is suggested in the graph that…(indicate, demonstrate, illustrate)

  It is reported that/estimated that/proved

  It is well-known/generally accepted/universally acknowledged

  2. Whether S +V is a controversial issue.

  Whether we should make effort to/endeavour to preserve endangered species is …

  Whether we should do…depends on whether S +V

  Whether we will succeed depends on whether we persist.

  3. What we should do is to do….

  We should protect animals.

  What we should pay attention to/ emphasize/stress is to do

  What teachers should emphasize is to tell students to practice more.

  What we are faced with is that …

  What we are confronted by is…

  the depletion of natural resources

  What we should solve immediately is that…

  What concerns us most is…

  What we am concerned with

  主语从句:it is …

  It is important/vital/crucial/pivotal/essential/significant(… 很重要)

  It is clear/evident/obvious/manifest/as clear as crystal/quite common(。。。 很明显)

  It is undoubted/undeniable/doubtless (。。。 毋庸置疑)

  It is a pity/a shame/a common sense/practice( 这是个常识)

  It is well/increasingly/widely/commonly/generally known/recognized/accepted/acknowledged (众所周知)

  It is conceivable that 可想而知

  It is desirable/admirable that 可取的

  It is advisable that 最好做某事

  It is probable/possible/likely that 可能的

  It is imperative that 必要的

  it is preferable/profitable that

  It is hazardous/risky/perilous that 危险的

  It must be stressed out that 必须要指出

  It must be admitted that 必须要承认

  It is reported that 据报道

  It is suggested that 有人建议

  It is assumed that 有人认为

  It is estimated that 据估计

  It is always the case that 情况总是这样的

  It is not always the case that 情况不一定总是这样的

  It follows that由此可见,

  表语从句: is

  我的第一个理由是,学术课程经历了时间的考验而且代表了古老文化的精华。

  My first reason is that academic courses withstand the test of time and represent the essence of ancient cultures.

  在教育中使用电脑的一个优点是,他们能够最大程度上丰富传统的教学方法。

  One advantage of the application of computers in education is that they can enrich the traditional teaching methods to a great extent.

  同位语从句:

  常用的:the fact/idea/belief/recognition/suggestion/proposal/attempt/effort that

  Be based on the belief that 基于这样的想法

  From the above discussion, we can safely draw the conclusion that…

  There is no evidence that…

  Despite the fact that….

  neglect/ignore/overlook/ lose sight of / be blind to/fail to consider the fact that忽视了某个事实

  政府不应该忽视这样的事实,囚禁罪犯最起码是对受害者的安慰。

  The government should not be blind to the fact that imprisonment of criminals is the comfort to the victims at the very least.

  大学生应该承担全部学费,基于这样的一种普遍认识,那就是,大学生通常比没有学位的人赚钱多很多。

  University students should bear total expenses for their tuition on the generalization that university students usually earn much more than people without a degree.

  定语从句:

  定语从句: 名词(短定语)人,who,物, which, that…

  Those who+谓语

  支持这种观点的人给出如下理由。

  Those who favor this view give the following reasons.

  上网成瘾的人总是会孤立的,不善于社交的,甚至是抑郁的。

  Those who are addicted to the Internet tend to be isolated, unsociable or even depressed.

  以上就是小编为大家带来的全部内容了,希望对大家备考雅思能有所帮助。雅思复习备考,考生一定要找到适合自己的学习方法,这样才能高效率的掌握雅思,最终在考试中取得好成绩。最后,小编也祝愿同学们都能顺利通过考试。

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