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2月26号GRE北美阅读预测机经

gre3000 2016-02-23 09:41

  GRE机经的使用分为两个阶段,一个是对以往机经的整理分类,将已经更有解析的和没有解析的区分开来,然后进行标记;另一个是要对整理好的GRE机经做一个细化以及记忆的过程,通过这个过程完成对GRE机经的深加工。所以今天小编为考生带来2016年2月26号GRE北美阅读预测机经,希望对考生的备考有所帮助。

  “Blues is for singing,” writes folk musicologist Paul Oliver, and “is not a form of folk song that stands up particularly well when written down.” A poet who wants to write blues can attempt to avoid this problem by poeticizing the form—but literary blues tend to read like bad poetry rather than like refined folk song. For Oliver, the true spirit of the blues inevitably eludes the self-conscious imitator. However, Langston Hughes, the first writer to grapple with these difficulties of blue poetry, in fact succeeded in producing poems that capture the quality of genuine, performed blues while remaining effective as poems. In inventing blues poetry, Hughes solved two problems: first, how to write blues lyrics in such a way that they work on the printed page, and second, how to exploit the blues form poetically without losing all sense of authenticity.

  There are many styles of blues, but the distinction of importance to Hughes is between the genres referred to as “folk blues” and “classic blues.” Folk blues and classic blues are distinguished from one another by differences in performers (local talents versus touring professionals), patronage (local community versus mass audience), creation (improvised versus composed), and transmission (oral versus written)。 It has been a commonplace among critics that Hughes adopted the classic blues as the primary model for his blues poetry, and that he writes his best blues poetry when he tries least to imitate the folk blues. In this view, Hughes’ attempts to imitate the folk blues are too self-conscious, too determined to romanticize the African American experience, too intent on reproducing what he takes to be the quaint humor and naïve simplicity of the folk blues to be successful.

  But a more realistic view is that by conveying his perceptions as a folk artist ought to—through an accumulation of details over the span of his blues oeuvre, rather than by overloading each poem with quaintness and naivety–Hughes made his most important contributions to the genre. His blues poems are in fact closer stylistically to the folk blues on which he modeled them than to the cultivated classic blues. Arnold Rampersad has observed that virtually all of the poems in the 1927 collection in which Hughes essentially originated blues poetry fall deliberatively within the “range of utterance” of common folk. This surely applies to “Young Gal’s Blues,” in which Hughes avoids the conventionally “poetic” language and images that the subjects of death and love sometimes elicit in his ordinary lyric poetry. To see what Hughes’ blues poetry might have been like if he had truly adopted the classic blues as his model, one need only look to “Golden Brown Blues,” a song lyric Hughes wrote for composer W.C. Handy. Its images, allusions, and diction are conspicuously remote from the common “range of utterance.”

  1.The primary purpose of the passage is to

  Adescribe the influence of folk and classic blues on blues poetry

  Banalyze the effect of African American culture on blues poetry

  Cdemonstrate that the language used in Hughes’ blues poetry is colloquial

  Ddefend Hughes’ blues poetry against criticism that it is derivative

  Erefute an accepted view of Hughes’ blues poetry style

  正确的答案:E

  2.The author of the passage uses the highlighted quotation primarily to

  Aindicate how blues poetry should be performed

  Bhighlight the difficulties faced by writers of blues poetry

  Csupport the idea that blues poetry is a genre doomed to fail

  Dillustrate the obstacles that blues poetry is unable to overcome

  Esuggest that written forms of blues are less authentic than sung blues

  正确的答案:B

  3.It can be inferred from the passage that, as compared with the language of “Golden Brown Blues,” the language of “Young Gal’s Blues” is

  Amore colloquial

  Bmore melodious

  Cmarked by more allusions

  Dcharacterized by more conventional imagery

  Emore typical of classic blues song lyrics

  正确的答案:A

  4.According to the passage, Hughes’ blues poetry and classic blues are similar in which of the following ways?

  ABoth are improvised

  BBoth are written down

  CBoth are intended for the same audience

  DNeither uses colloquial language

  ENeither is professionally performed

  正确的答案:B

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