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GRE阅读你最容易犯哪些错误

百利天下旗下前程百利 2016-01-11 09:38

  考前给大家介绍下GRE阅读三大常见题型(主旨、according to the passage、in order to)中正确选项的选择方法。但是有的时候我们会发现很多的题目往往很难直接选出正确选项,而要通过排除法来得到正确答案。就像是各个题型都有固定的正确选项的选法一样,错误选项也有自己的一套错误规律:混、偏、反、无。

  考前给大家整理了一些阅读题易犯的问题,这些常犯错误点大家要注意下,需要大家再细心一点!今天给大家介绍第一种常犯错误:混。

  GRE阅读你最容易犯哪些错误

  所谓混,分两种情况:一、指的是原文中没有关系的两个事物,在选项中被强行安插了关系。这里的“关系”指的是因果关系、类比关系(强调相似之处)和对比关系(强调对比之处)。如果原文中两个事物A和B并没有上面所说的三种关系中的一个,那么我们就认为原文中AB无关,但如果在某个选项中让AB之间有了上面三种关系中的一种,那么这个选项就犯了“混”的错误。二、指的是原文中A和B之间的关系,到了选项中就变成了另外一种关系。例如,原文中A与B为类比关系,但到了选项里则变成了“A导致B”这种因果关系。这也是“混”的错误。

  自测一下!

  When speaking of Romare Bearden, one is tempted to say, “A great Black American artist.” The subject matter of Bearden’s collages is certainly Black. Portrayals of the folk of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, whom he remembers from early childhood, of the jazz musicians and tenement roofs of his Harlem days, of Pittsburgh steelworkers, and his reconstruction of classical Greek myths in the guise of the ancient Black kingdom of Benin, attest to this. In natural harmony with this choice of subject matter are the social sensibilities of the artist, who remains active today with the Cinque Gallery in Manhattan, which he helped found and which is devoted to showing the work of minority artists.Then why not call Bearden a Black American artist? Because ultimately this categorization is too narrow. “What stands up in the end is structure,” Bearden says. “What I try to do is amplify. If I were just creating a picture of a farm woman from back home, it would have meaning to her and people there. But art amplifies itself to something universal.”Bearden’s social sensibilities and the subject matter of his collages are mentioned by the author in order to explainA.why one might be tempted to call Bearden a Black American artist.B.why Bearden cannot be readily categorized.C.why Bearden’s appeal is thought by many to be ultimately universal.D.how deeply an artist’s artistic creations are influenced by the artist’s social conscience.E.what makes Bearden unique among contemporary Black American artists.

  答案:A解析本题中D选项犯了典型的“混”的错误。根据原文中黑体句子,Bearden的艺术创作和社会责任感是类比关系,都可以体现出Bearden是一名黑人艺术家。但是D选项说社会责任感影响了艺术创作,有了因果关系。根据我们之前讲解的in order to题型正确解题方法,定位到原文的3s版本,本题应该定位到第一段,而第一段的3s版本为“Bearden是一个黑人艺术家”,正确答案选A。今后还会有相关的GRE考试注意事项推送,请大家记得及时关注!

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